What is tDCS?
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Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a form of non-invase neurostimulation that delivers a constant low level current to the brain through the use of electrodes placed on the scalp. This neuromodulation technique uses a steady current between 1 - 2 mA delivered through electrodes to targeted regions of the brain to modulate brain function. Using different electrode configurations, tDCS can be used to either excite or inhibit neuronal activity in the targeted region.
Headquartered in New York City, Caputron is the leading worldwide distributor of home, clinical and research neurostimulation technology, such as tDCS, TMS, CES and EEG. By partnering with world-class device manufacturers, we supply a range of excellent neurostimulation devices and accessories, such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS).
The Focus V2 is a commercially available tES device that features tDCS (Direct Current), tACS (Alternating Current), tPCS (Pulsed Current) and tRNS (Random Noise) stimulation.
The Focus V2 tES device features tDCS (Direct Current), tACS (Alternating Current), tPCS (Pulsed Current) and tRNS (Random Noise) stimulation. Inside foc.us V2 is a 32Bit ARM® Microprocessor. Using advanced micro-electronics ensures accurate stimulation. Impedance changes can be detected and correct in 50 micro seconds. This means target current levels are super-accurate and super-stable. Only the best components were used in construction from such manufacturers as Texas Instruments, Seiko and Panasonic.
Getting started with foc.us is simple. The blue OLED digital display and 4-way joystick make light work of controlling your session. During stimulation you can see the exact session time remaining, the active current value in mA plus a real-time graph of the actual current.
It is important not to mis-use electrical stimulation through over or repeat usage. That is why the foc.us V2 includes a real time clock. It will warn you if you try to start a stimulation session too soon after your last session. It also times and limits each session to the maximum recommended length of 40 minutes. You can also use the timer to start your session up to 12 hours in the future. This is useful if you want a session to start when you are asleep. All session logs are stamped with the time they were started for your convenience.
foc.us was designed with the aim of being both small and powerful. V2 includes a 3 axis accelerometer. It provides raw data for X, Y and Z movements as well as slope detection, tap sensing, orientation recognition, g-force detection and inactivity sensing. This movement detection is used in the lucid dream program to stop stimulation when movement is detected. Weighing in at less than the battery found in some DIY stimulators yet generating an output 6x higher.
Included with every V2 is the foc.us dock. The dock connects to your computer via an included micro-USB cable. As well as recharging your v2 the dock serves as a Bluetooth Low Energy dongle. This allows the foc.us+ connect software to update your foc.us v2 via Bluetooth Low Energy without any additional hardware requirements.
tDCS - transcranial direct current stimulation
tDCS mode current can be set from 0.1 to 2.0 mA for session durations between 1 and 40 minutes. Voltage can be also be controlled from 10 V to 60 V. Actual current is logged every 50 ms for an accurate record of the session. Featuring current ramp up and ramp down to make session start and end as comfortable as possible.
tACS - transcranial alternating current stimulation
tACS mode current can be set from 0 to 2 mA for session durations of between 1 and 40 minutes. Frequency can be set between 0 and 300 Hz in both unipolar and bipolar modes. A current offset between 0 and the target current can also be specified.
tPCS - transcranial pulsed current stimulation
Set the duty cycle and frequency for pulsed current stimulation sessions. You can set Sham to ON, and have no graph, or set sham to BLIND and the focus V2 will either show the real current graph or create a fake graph.
tRNS - transcranial random noise stimulation
Randomize the current, the frequency or both and set the range boundaries for each. tRNS is becoming increasingly popular in todays electrical brain stimulation studies.
*DOES NOT INCLUDE ELECTRODES
Download foc.us+ connect software here
Walkthrough of installing the software
No. All functionality of the V2 is available via the joystick and oled display.
Probably the most important function of an electrical stimulator is ensuring that the target current level is correctly maintained. This is an explanation of how foc.us control the current output in the foc.us V2. There is a hardware current regulator which is controlled by the MCU. The MCU does not participate in current regulation, it just sets the target current value to the current regulator input. The hardware current regulator is very fast. It can change the output current from the minimum 0mA to the maximum 2mA in 300 µ seconds at full impedance load. At lower resistance levels it can do it even faster. The current of the high voltage source is hardware limited to 2.1 mA, which is fed to the hardware current regulator,.which as described above can quickly change the output current to the targeted value and then the final step is an independent hardware current limiter, configured to 2.1 mA between the hardware current regulator and the electrodes. In summary, the input to the hardware current regulator cannot exceed 2.1 mA, which is then shaped into the signal e.g. tdcs, trns, tpcs, tacs at the desired current level - which is limited to 2 mA, and then passed through a final limiter before the electrodes. This provides super fast, super safe signal generation. As part of the assembly process we test and verify that all three of these circuits are functioning correctly. We perform this test on every single device. 100% testing.
You should regularly update the firmware on your foc.us v2 to ensure you have all the latest features. This is how you do that using the foc.us+ connect app
This is how you install foc.us+ connect on Apple OS X
If you do not see the battery icon, then your device is not charging. Please ensure you have installed the foc.us+ connect app which will enable charging.
Need to Return Your Purchase? It's Easy - Caputron Offers 90 Day Hassle Free Returns
Our return policy is simple. If you are not 100% satisfied with your purchase from Caputron you can return your item(s) within 90 days of purchase. If 90 days have gone by since your purchase, unfortunately we can’t offer you a refund or exchange.
(Returned devices must be in a new undamaged condition.) Merchandise returned damaged may not qualify for a refund.
Opened or used accessories such as electrodes, gel, saline, or other consumables are not eligible for a refund.
Packages are generally dispatched within 1-3 days after receipt of payment, though some exceptions may apply, and are shipped via UPS, DHL and USPS with tracking (when applicable) and drop-off without signature. If you prefer delivery by a different method, please contact us. Delivery with signature is available for an additional fee.
Once your order is shipped you will receive an email or sms message when applicabale (additional carrier rates may apply) with any tracking information available -- you can check order status by logging into your account.
International Customers Please Note: Any additional fees required by customs will be the responsibility of the buyer. We cannot control customs processing times in international countries. It is not uncommon for USPS First Class/Flat Rate parcels, or packages of any type, to get caught up in customs for weeks at a time. We highly recommend using UPS or DHL for international orders as they provide faster customs processing times and accurate tracking updates. We are not responsible for any added time due to customs. We will not be liable for, nor will any adjustment, refund, or credit of any kind be given as a result of any delay, misdelivery, or non-delivery. Items returned to us that were deemed undeliverable and are not damaged in any way are subject to partial refund for the cost of the merchandise minus the cost of shipping. At the discretion of both Caputron and the buyer, redelivery may be attempted for additional shipping costs determined prior to reshipment.
* When offered, free shipping is eligible only for the contiguous United States and does not apply to items that need to be shipped freight or for certain research items.
Focus V2 tES Device
I wrote to firstname.lastname@example.org / Michael Oxley about a display failure of the V2 device I purchased .. MIchael Oxley told me to send it back to England for repair .. I sent it back and heard nothing from the company .. I wrote Michael Oxley a dozen times and he refused to respond .. I would say that this company is disreputable and offers no repairs on returns and that the product has obvious display problems .. First, you can barely see the display because the grey plastic is to dark .. Then when the device display stops displaying even with a full charge .. I wouldn't trust this company .. I honestly was thinking about the V3 version but not now, not after what has happened ..
but i am writing this review because customer service is good
its expensive and doesnt come with instructions where to put th pads
The V2 works so well! Pleasantly surprised at the amount of sleep I can get now compared to before
Rechargable battery and every tDCS device feature the researchers have. NICE!
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